Dynamic Array in C


Problem Statement :


Snow Howler is the librarian at the central library of the city of HuskyLand. He must handle requests which come in the following forms:

1 x y : Insert a book with y pages at the end of the xth  shelf.

2 x y : Print the number of pages in the yth
book on the xth shelf.

3 x : Print the number of books on the xth shelf.

Snow Howler has got an assistant, Oshie, provided by the Department of Education. Although inexperienced, Oshie can handle all of the queries of types 2 and 3.

Help Snow Howler deal with all the queries of type 1.

Oshie has used two arrays:

int* total_number_of_books;
/*
 * This stores the total number of books on each shelf.
 */

int** total_number_of_pages;
/*
 * This stores the total number of pages in each book of each shelf.
 * The rows represent the shelves and the columns represent the books.
 */

Input Format

The first line contains an integer  total_number_of_shelves , the number of shelves in the library.
The second line contains an integer total_number_of_queries , the number of requests.
Each of the following  total_number_of_queries lines contains a request in one of the three specified formats. 

Constraints 

    1 <=    total_number_of_shelves  <= 10^5
    1 <=    total_number_of_queries    <= 10^5
For each query of the second type, it is guaranteed that a book is present on the xth shelf at yth index. 
    0  <= x <  total_number_of_shelves 
Both the shelves and the books are numbered starting from 0.
Maximum number of books per shelf <= 1100.

Output Format

Write the logic for the requests of type 1. The logic for requests of types 2 and 3 are provided.


Solution :



title-img


                            Solution in C :

int main()
{
    int total_number_of_shelves;
    scanf("%d", &total_number_of_shelves);
    
    int total_number_of_queries;
    scanf("%d", &total_number_of_queries);
    
    total_number_of_books=(int*)malloc(sizeof(int)*total_number_of_shelves);
    
    total_number_of_pages=(int**)malloc(sizeof(int*)*total_number_of_shelves);
    
    for(int i=0; i<total_number_of_shelves; i++){
        total_number_of_books[i]=0;
        total_number_of_pages[i]=(int*)malloc(sizeof(int));
    }
    
    while (total_number_of_queries--) {
        int type_of_query;
        scanf("%d", &type_of_query);
        
        if (type_of_query == 1) {
            int x, y;
            scanf("%d %d", &x, &y);
            *(total_number_of_books+x)+=1;
            *(total_number_of_pages+x)=realloc(*(total_number_of_pages+x), *(total_number_of_books+x)*sizeof(int));
            *(*(total_number_of_pages+x)+*(total_number_of_books+x)-1)=y;
                        




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