**Connected Cells in a Grid**

### Problem Statement :

Consider a matrix where each cell contains either a 0 or a 1. Any cell containing a 1 is called a filled cell. Two cells are said to be connected if they are adjacent to each other horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. In the following grid, all cells marked X are connected to the cell marked Y. XXX XYX XXX If one or more filled cells are also connected, they form a region. Note that each cell in a region is connected to zero or more cells in the region but is not necessarily directly connected to all the other cells in the region. Given an matrix, find and print the number of cells in the largest region in the matrix. Note that there may be more than one region in the matrix. Function Description Complete the connectedCell function in the editor below. connectedCell has the following parameter(s): - int matrix[n][m]: represents the row of the matrix Returns - int: the area of the largest region Input Format The first line contains an integer , the number of rows in the matrix. The second line contains an integer , the number of columns in the matrix. Each of the next lines contains space-separated integers .

### Solution :

` ````
Solution in C :
In C++ :
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
const int MAXN = 100;
int n, m, x[MAXN][MAXN];
int main() {
scanf("%d%d", &n, &m);
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) {
scanf("%d", &x[i][j]);
}
}
int maxi = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) {
if (x[i][j] == 0) continue;
int cnt = 1;
queue<vector<int> > q;
q.push({i, j});
x[i][j] = 0;
while (!q.empty()) {
vector<int> front = q.front();
q.pop();
for (int dx = -1; dx <= 1; dx++) {
for (int dy = -1; dy <= 1; dy++) {
int nx = dx + front[0];
int ny = dy + front[1];
if (nx >= 0 && ny >= 0 && nx < n && ny < m && x[nx][ny] == 1) {
x[nx][ny] = 0;
cnt++;
q.push({nx, ny});
}
}
}
}
maxi = max(maxi, cnt);
}
}
printf("%d\n", maxi);
return 0;
}
In Java :
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.text.*;
import java.math.*;
import java.util.regex.*;
public class Solution {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
int m = in.nextInt();
int n = in.nextInt();
int[][] matrix = new int[m][n];
for(int i=0; i<m; i++){
for(int j=0; j<n; j++){
matrix[i][j] = in.nextInt();
}
}
in.close();
int maxRegion = 0;
for(int i=0; i<m; i++){
for(int j=0; j<n; j++){
if(matrix[i][j] == 1){
int count = countRegion(matrix, m, n, i, j);
//System.out.println("count:"+count);
if(count > maxRegion)
maxRegion = count;
}
}
}
System.out.println(maxRegion);
}
static int countRegion(int[][] matrix, int m, int n, int x, int y) {
if ((x < 0) || (x >= m) || (y < 0) || (y >= n) || (matrix[x][y] == 0))
return 0;
matrix[x][y] = 0;
return 1 + countRegion(matrix,m,n, x - 1, y)
+ countRegion(matrix,m,n,x + 1, y)
+ countRegion(matrix,m,n,x, y - 1)
+ countRegion(matrix,m,n,x, y + 1)
+ countRegion(matrix, m, n, x+1, y+1)
+ countRegion(matrix, m, n, x-1, y+1)
+ countRegion(matrix, m, n, x+1, y-1)
+ countRegion(matrix, m, n, x-1, y-1);
}
}
In C :
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
void countone(int i, int j);
int mat[100][100];
int bat[100][100];
int m,n;
int main()
{
int i,j,k,p,q,sum=0,maxsum=0;
//int mat[100][100];
scanf("%d",&m);
scanf("%d",&n);
for(i=0;i<m;i++)
for(j=0;j<n;j++)
scanf("%d",&mat[i][j]);
for(i=0;i<m;i++)
for(j=0;j<n;j++)
bat[i][j] = mat[i][j];
maxsum = 0;
for(i=0;i<m;i++)
for(j=0;j<n;j++)
{
for(p=0;p<m;p++)
for(q=0;q<n;q++)
bat[p][q]=mat[p][q];
countone(i,j);
sum = 0;
for(p=0;p<m;p++)
for(q=0;q<n;q++)
if(bat[p][q]==2)
sum = sum + 1;
if(sum>maxsum)
maxsum = sum;
}
printf("%d",maxsum);
return(0);
}
void countone(int i, int j)
{
if(i>=0 && j>=0 && i<m && j<n && bat[i][j] == 1)
{
bat[i][j]=2;
countone(i,j+1);
countone(i,j-1);
countone(i+1,j+1);
countone(i+1,j-1);
countone(i-1,j+1);
countone(i-1,j-1);
countone(i+1,j);
countone(i-1,j);
}
}
In Python3 :
rows = int(input())
cols = int(input())
mat = []
for _ in range(rows):
mat.append([int(x=='1') for x in input().strip().split(' ')])
ones = set()
for row in range(rows):
for col in range(cols):
if mat[row][col]:
ones.add((row, col))
regions = []
while ones:
n = ones.pop()
region = [n]
regions.append(region)
unchecked = [n]
while unchecked:
xr, xc = unchecked.pop()
for r in [-1,0,1]:
for c in [-1,0,1]:
p=(xr+r,xc+c)
if p in ones:
ones.remove(p)
region.append(p)
unchecked.append(p)
print(max((len(region) for region in regions), default=0))
```

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