# Subtree - Amazon Top Interview Questions

### Problem Statement :

```You are given two binary trees root, and target. Return whether target is a subtree of root — that is, whether there's a node in root that is identically same in values and structure as root including all of its descendants.

Example 1

Input

root = [1, [2, null, null], [3, [4, [6, null, null], null], [5, null, [7, null, null]]]]
target = [3, [4, [6, null, null], null], [5, null, [7, null, null]]]

Output

True

Example 2

Input

root = [1, [2, null, null], [3, [4, [6, null, null], null], [5, null, [7, null, null]]]]
target = [3, null, [5, null, null]]

Output

False

Example 3

Input

root = [0, null, [5, [1, null, null], null]]
target = [0, null, [5, [1, null, null], null]]

Output

True```

### Solution :

```                        ```Solution in C++ :

/**
* class Tree {
*     public:
*         int val;
*         Tree *left;
*         Tree *right;
* };
*/
bool flag;
bool identical(Tree* root, Tree* target) {
if (!root && !target) return true;
if (!root || !target) return false;
if (root->val != target->val) return false;
return identical(root->left, target->left) && identical(root->right, target->right);
}
void traverse(Tree* root, Tree* target) {
if (!root) return;
if (root->val == target->val) {
flag = flag | identical(root, target);
}
traverse(root->left, target);
traverse(root->right, target);
}
bool solve(Tree* root, Tree* target) {
flag = false;
if (!target) return true;
traverse(root, target);
return flag;
}```
```

```                        ```Solution in Python :

# class Tree:
#     def __init__(self, val, left=None, right=None):
#         self.val = val
#         self.left = left
#         self.right = right
class Solution:
def merkleHash(self, root):
if not root:
return "-"

leftHash = self.merkleHash(root.left)
rightHash = self.merkleHash(root.right)

root.merkle = leftHash + ":{}:".format(root.val) + rightHash
return root.merkle

def solve(self, root, target):
self.merkleHash(root)
self.merkleHash(target)

def dfs(cur):
if not cur:
return False

return cur.merkle == target.merkle or dfs(cur.left) or dfs(cur.right)

return dfs(root)```
```

## Balanced Brackets

A bracket is considered to be any one of the following characters: (, ), {, }, [, or ]. Two brackets are considered to be a matched pair if the an opening bracket (i.e., (, [, or {) occurs to the left of a closing bracket (i.e., ), ], or }) of the exact same type. There are three types of matched pairs of brackets: [], {}, and (). A matching pair of brackets is not balanced if the set of bra

## Equal Stacks

ou have three stacks of cylinders where each cylinder has the same diameter, but they may vary in height. You can change the height of a stack by removing and discarding its topmost cylinder any number of times. Find the maximum possible height of the stacks such that all of the stacks are exactly the same height. This means you must remove zero or more cylinders from the top of zero or more of

## Game of Two Stacks

Alexa has two stacks of non-negative integers, stack A = [a0, a1, . . . , an-1 ] and stack B = [b0, b1, . . . , b m-1] where index 0 denotes the top of the stack. Alexa challenges Nick to play the following game: In each move, Nick can remove one integer from the top of either stack A or stack B. Nick keeps a running sum of the integers he removes from the two stacks. Nick is disqualified f

## Largest Rectangle

Skyline Real Estate Developers is planning to demolish a number of old, unoccupied buildings and construct a shopping mall in their place. Your task is to find the largest solid area in which the mall can be constructed. There are a number of buildings in a certain two-dimensional landscape. Each building has a height, given by . If you join adjacent buildings, they will form a solid rectangle

## Simple Text Editor

In this challenge, you must implement a simple text editor. Initially, your editor contains an empty string, S. You must perform Q operations of the following 4 types: 1. append(W) - Append W string to the end of S. 2 . delete( k ) - Delete the last k characters of S. 3 .print( k ) - Print the kth character of S. 4 . undo( ) - Undo the last (not previously undone) operation of type 1 or 2,

## Poisonous Plants

There are a number of plants in a garden. Each of the plants has been treated with some amount of pesticide. After each day, if any plant has more pesticide than the plant on its left, being weaker than the left one, it dies. You are given the initial values of the pesticide in each of the plants. Determine the number of days after which no plant dies, i.e. the time after which there is no plan