# Merge New Interval - Amazon Top Interview Questions

### Problem Statement :

```Given a list of intervals that are:

Non-overlapping
Sorted in increasing order by end times
Merge a new interval target into the list so that the above two properties are met.

Constraints

n ≤ 100,000 where n is the length of intervals

Example 1

Input

intervals = [
[1, 10],
[20, 30],
[70, 100]
]

target = [5, 25]

Output

[
[1, 30],
[70, 100]
]

Explanation

[5, 25] is merged with the first two intervals [1, 10], [20, 30].

Example 2

Input

intervals = [
[1, 2],
[3, 5],
[7, 10]
]

target = [5, 7]

Output

[
[1, 2],
[3, 10]
]

Explanation

The [5, 7] is merged with [3, 5] and [7, 10].```

### Solution :

```                        ```Solution in C++ :

vector<vector<int>> solve(vector<vector<int>>& intervals, vector<int>& target) {
int l = target;
int r = target;

vector<vector<int>> ans;

bool flag1 = false;

for (int i = 0; i < intervals.size(); i++) {
if ((intervals[i] > r) || (intervals[i] < l)) {
if ((r < intervals[i]) && (!flag1)) {
ans.push_back({l, r});
flag1 = true;
}
ans.push_back(intervals[i]);
} else {
l = min(l, intervals[i]);
r = max(r, intervals[i]);
}
}
if (!flag1) ans.push_back({l, r});

return ans;
}```
```

```                        ```Solution in Java :

import java.util.*;

class Solution {
public int[][] solve(int[][] intervals, int[] target) {

int i = 0, n = intervals.length;

// first add all the intervals which are less than target
while (i < n && intervals[i] < target) {
i++;
}

// now merge the intervals with target
while (i < n && intervals[i] <= target) {
target = Math.min(intervals[i], target);
target = Math.max(intervals[i], target);
i++;
}

// add target interval , once it is merged with valid one

while (i < n) {
i++;
}

return res.toArray(new int[res.size()][]);
}
}```
```

```                        ```Solution in Python :

class Solution:
def solve(self, intervals, target):
left, right = [], []
s, e = target
for start, end in intervals:
if end < s:
left.append([start, end])
elif start > e:
right.append([start, end])
else:
s, e = min(s, start), max(e, end)
return left + [[s, e]] + right```
```

## Left Rotation

A left rotation operation on an array of size n shifts each of the array's elements 1 unit to the left. Given an integer, d, rotate the array that many steps left and return the result. Example: d=2 arr=[1,2,3,4,5] After 2 rotations, arr'=[3,4,5,1,2]. Function Description: Complete the rotateLeft function in the editor below. rotateLeft has the following parameters: 1. int d

## Sparse Arrays

There is a collection of input strings and a collection of query strings. For each query string, determine how many times it occurs in the list of input strings. Return an array of the results. Example: strings=['ab', 'ab', 'abc'] queries=['ab', 'abc', 'bc'] There are instances of 'ab', 1 of 'abc' and 0 of 'bc'. For each query, add an element to the return array, results=[2,1,0]. Fun

## Array Manipulation

Starting with a 1-indexed array of zeros and a list of operations, for each operation add a value to each of the array element between two given indices, inclusive. Once all operations have been performed, return the maximum value in the array. Example: n=10 queries=[[1,5,3], [4,8,7], [6,9,1]] Queries are interpreted as follows: a b k 1 5 3 4 8 7 6 9 1 Add the valu

## Print the Elements of a Linked List

This is an to practice traversing a linked list. Given a pointer to the head node of a linked list, print each node's data element, one per line. If the head pointer is null (indicating the list is empty), there is nothing to print. Function Description: Complete the printLinkedList function in the editor below. printLinkedList has the following parameter(s): 1.SinglyLinkedListNode

## Insert a Node at the Tail of a Linked List

You are given the pointer to the head node of a linked list and an integer to add to the list. Create a new node with the given integer. Insert this node at the tail of the linked list and return the head node of the linked list formed after inserting this new node. The given head pointer may be null, meaning that the initial list is empty. Input Format: You have to complete the SinglyLink