Look and Say - Amazon Top Interview Questions

Problem Statement :

The "look and say" sequence is defined as follows: beginning with the term 1, each subsequent term visually describes the digits appearing in the previous term. The first few terms are as follows:

11             <- 1 one
21             <- 2 ones
1211           <- 1 two, 1 one
111221         <- 1 one, 1 two, 2 ones
312211         <- 3 ones, 2 twos, 1 one

Given an integer n, return the nth term of this sequence as a string.


1 ≤ n ≤ 40

Example 1


n = 3



Example 2


n = 4



Example 3


n = 5



Solution :


                        Solution in C++ :

string solve(int n) {
    string s = "1", t;
    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
        for (int j = 0, k = 0; j < s.size();) {
            char c = s[k];
            while (k < s.size() && s[k] == s[k - 1]) k++;
            t.append(to_string(k - j));
            j = k;
    return s;

                        Solution in Python : 
class Solution:
    def solve(self, n):
        s = "1"
        for _ in range(n - 1):
            temp = ""
            for x, y in groupby(s):
                temp += str(len(list(y))) + x
            s = temp
        return s

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