**Longest Increasing Path - Amazon Top Interview Questions**

### Problem Statement :

Given a two-dimensional integer matrix, find the length of the longest strictly increasing path. You can move up, down, left, or right. Constraints n, m ≤ 500 where n and m are the number of rows and columns in matrix Example 1 Input matrix = [ [1, 3, 5], [0, 4, 6], [2, 2, 9] ] Output 6 Explanation The longest path is [0, 1, 3, 5, 6, 9]

### Solution :

` ````
Solution in C++ :
const int dir[4][2] = {{-1, 0}, {0, -1}, {0, 1}, {1, 0}};
int dfs(const vector<vector<int>> &matrix, vector<vector<int>> &dp, const int &r, const int &c) {
if (dp[r][c] != -1) return dp[r][c];
dp[r][c] = 1;
for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
int nextR = r + dir[i][0];
int nextC = c + dir[i][1];
if (nextR < 0 || nextC < 0 || nextR >= matrix.size() || nextC >= matrix[0].size() ||
matrix[nextR][nextC] <= matrix[r][c]) {
continue;
}
dp[r][c] = max(dp[r][c], 1 + dfs(matrix, dp, nextR, nextC));
}
return dp[r][c];
}
int solve(vector<vector<int>> &matrix) {
int m = matrix.size();
if (m < 1) return 0;
int n = matrix[0].size();
vector<vector<int>> dp(m, vector<int>(n, -1));
int ans = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
if (dp[i][j] == -1) dfs(matrix, dp, i, j);
ans = max(ans, dp[i][j]);
}
}
return ans;
}
```

` ````
Solution in Java :
import java.util.*;
class Solution {
private int row;
private int col;
private int[][] dp;
private boolean[][] visited;
private int maxLen = 1;
public int solve(int[][] matrix) {
if (matrix == null || matrix.length == 0)
return 0;
row = matrix.length;
col = matrix[0].length;
dp = new int[row][col];
for (int[] row : dp) Arrays.fill(row, -1);
for (int i = 0; i < row; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < col; j++) {
maxLen = Math.max(maxLen, dfs(i, j, matrix, -1));
}
}
return maxLen;
}
private int dfs(int i, int j, int[][] matrix, int len) {
if (i < 0 || j < 0 || i >= row || j >= col)
return 0;
if (matrix[i][j] <= len)
return 0;
if (dp[i][j] != -1)
return dp[i][j];
int l1 = dfs(i, j + 1, matrix, matrix[i][j]);
int l2 = dfs(i, j - 1, matrix, matrix[i][j]);
int l3 = dfs(i - 1, j, matrix, matrix[i][j]);
int l4 = dfs(i + 1, j, matrix, matrix[i][j]);
return dp[i][j] = 1 + Math.max(Math.max(l1, l2), Math.max(l3, l4));
}
}
```

` ````
Solution in Python :
class Solution:
def solve(self, a):
if not a or not a[0]:
return 0
n, m = len(a), len(a[0])
dp = [[1 for j in range(m)] for i in range(n)]
for _, i, j in sorted((a[i][j], i, j) for i in range(n) for j in range(m)):
for ni, nj in ((i - 1, j), (i + 1, j), (i, j - 1), (i, j + 1)):
if 0 <= ni < n and 0 <= nj < m and a[i][j] < a[ni][nj]:
dp[ni][nj] = max(dp[ni][nj], dp[i][j] + 1)
return max(map(max, dp))
```

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