# Introduction to Sets Python

### Problem Statement :

```A set is an unordered collection of elements without duplicate entries.
When printed, iterated or converted into a sequence, its elements will appear in an arbitrary order.

Example

>>> print set()
set([])

>>> print set('HackerRank')
set(['a', 'c', 'e', 'H', 'k', 'n', 'r', 'R'])

>>> print set([1,2,1,2,3,4,5,6,0,9,12,22,3])
set([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 22])

>>> print set((1,2,3,4,5,5))
set([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])

>>> print set(set(['H','a','c','k','e','r','r','a','n','k']))
set(['a', 'c', 'r', 'e', 'H', 'k', 'n'])

>>> print set({'Hacker' : 'DOSHI', 'Rank' : 616 })
set(['Hacker', 'Rank'])

>>> print set(enumerate(['H','a','c','k','e','r','r','a','n','k']))
set([(6, 'r'), (7, 'a'), (3, 'k'), (4, 'e'), (5, 'r'), (9, 'k'), (2, 'c'), (0, 'H'), (1, 'a'), (8, 'n')])
Basically, sets are used for membership testing and eliminating duplicate entries.

Now, let's use our knowledge of sets and help Mickey.

Ms. Gabriel Williams is a botany professor at District College. One day, she asked her student Mickey to compute the average of all the plants with distinct heights in her greenhouse.

Formula used:
Average= Sum of Distinct Heights / Total Number of Distinct Heights

Input Format:

The first line contains the integer, N, the total number of plants.
The second line contains the N space separated heights of the plants.

Constraints:
0<N<=1000

Output Format:

Output the average height value on a single line.```

### Solution :

```                            ```Solution in C :

# the complete code as required for the hackerrank challenge

def average(array):
s=set(array)
return sum(s)/len(s)

if __name__ == '__main__':
n = int(input())
arr = list(map(int, input().split()))
result = average(arr)
print(result)```
```

## Print in Reverse

Given a pointer to the head of a singly-linked list, print each data value from the reversed list. If the given list is empty, do not print anything. Example head* refers to the linked list with data values 1->2->3->Null Print the following: 3 2 1 Function Description: Complete the reversePrint function in the editor below. reversePrint has the following parameters: Sing

Given the pointer to the head node of a linked list, change the next pointers of the nodes so that their order is reversed. The head pointer given may be null meaning that the initial list is empty. Example: head references the list 1->2->3->Null. Manipulate the next pointers of each node in place and return head, now referencing the head of the list 3->2->1->Null. Function Descriptio

You’re given the pointer to the head nodes of two linked lists. Compare the data in the nodes of the linked lists to check if they are equal. If all data attributes are equal and the lists are the same length, return 1. Otherwise, return 0. Example: list1=1->2->3->Null list2=1->2->3->4->Null The two lists have equal data attributes for the first 3 nodes. list2 is longer, though, so the lis

## Merge two sorted linked lists

This challenge is part of a tutorial track by MyCodeSchool Given pointers to the heads of two sorted linked lists, merge them into a single, sorted linked list. Either head pointer may be null meaning that the corresponding list is empty. Example headA refers to 1 -> 3 -> 7 -> NULL headB refers to 1 -> 2 -> NULL The new list is 1 -> 1 -> 2 -> 3 -> 7 -> NULL. Function Description C

## Get Node Value

This challenge is part of a tutorial track by MyCodeSchool Given a pointer to the head of a linked list and a specific position, determine the data value at that position. Count backwards from the tail node. The tail is at postion 0, its parent is at 1 and so on. Example head refers to 3 -> 2 -> 1 -> 0 -> NULL positionFromTail = 2 Each of the data values matches its distance from the t

## Delete duplicate-value nodes from a sorted linked list

This challenge is part of a tutorial track by MyCodeSchool You are given the pointer to the head node of a sorted linked list, where the data in the nodes is in ascending order. Delete nodes and return a sorted list with each distinct value in the original list. The given head pointer may be null indicating that the list is empty. Example head refers to the first node in the list 1 -> 2 -