Basic Data Types C++

Problem Statement :

Some C++ data types, their format specifiers, and their most common bit widths are as follows:

    Int ("%d"): 32 Bit integer
    Long ("%ld"): 64 bit integer
    Char ("%c"): Character type
    Float ("%f"): 32 bit real value
    Double ("%lf"): 64 bit real value

To read a data type, use the following syntax:

scanf("`format_specifier`", &val)

For example, to read a character followed by a double:

char ch;
double d;
scanf("%c %lf", &ch, &d);

For the moment, we can ignore the spacing between format specifiers.

To print a data type, use the following syntax:

printf("`format_specifier`", val)

For example, to print a character followed by a double:

char ch = 'd';
double d = 234.432;
printf("%c %lf", ch, d);

Note: You can also use cin and cout instead of scanf and printf; however, if you are taking a million numbers as input and printing a million lines, it is faster to use scanf and printf.

Input Format

Input consists of the following space-separated values: int, long, char, float, and double, respectively.

Output Format

Print each element on a new line in the same order it was received as input. Note that the floating point value should be correct up to 3 decimal places and the double to 9 decimal places.

Solution :

                        #include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
using namespace std;

int main() {
    // Complete the code.
    int a,c;
    long long b;
    char d;
    float f;
    double e;
    scanf("%d %d %lld %c %f %lf", &a ,&c,&b,&d,&f,&e);
    printf("%0c\n", d);
    printf("%0f\n", f);
    printf("%0lf\n", e);
    return 0;