Problem Statement :

Java has 8 primitive data types; char, boolean, byte, short, int, long, float, and double. For this exercise, we'll work with the primitives used to hold integer values (byte, short, int, and long):

A byte is an 8-bit signed integer.
A short is a 16-bit signed integer.
An int is a 32-bit signed integer.
A long is a 64-bit signed integer.
Given an input integer, you must determine which primitive data types are capable of properly storing that input.

To get you started, a portion of the solution is provided for you in the editor.

Reference: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/java/nutsandbolts/datatypes.html

Input Format

The first line contains an integer, T, denoting the number of test cases.
Each test case, T, is comprised of a single line with an integer, , which can be arbitrarily large or small.

Output Format

For each input variable n and appropriate primitive datatype, you must determine if the given primitives are capable of storing it. If yes, then print:

n can be fitted in:
* dataType

If there is more than one appropriate data type, print each one on its own line and order them by size (i.e.: byte < short < int < long ).

If the number cannot be stored in one of the four aforementioned primitives, print the line:

n can't be fitted anywhere.

Sample Input

5
-150
150000
1500000000
213333333333333333333333333333333333
-100000000000000
Sample Output

-150 can be fitted in:
* short
* int
* long
150000 can be fitted in:
* int
* long
1500000000 can be fitted in:
* int
* long
213333333333333333333333333333333333 can't be fitted anywhere.
-100000000000000 can be fitted in:
* long

Solution :

import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.text.*;
import java.math.*;
import java.util.regex.*;

public class Solution {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
int N = Integer.parseInt(testCases);
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
try {
long n = Long.parseLong(line);
if (n == 0 || n == 1) {
System.out.println(n + " can be fitted in:");
System.out.println("* boolean");
System.out.println("* byte");
System.out.println("* short");
System.out.println("* int");
System.out.println("* long");
continue;
} else if (n == (byte)n) {
System.out.println(n + " can be fitted in:");
System.out.println("* byte");
System.out.println("* short");
System.out.println("* int");
System.out.println("* long");
continue;
}
else if (n == (short)n) {
System.out.println(n + " can be fitted in:");
System.out.println("* short");
System.out.println("* int");
System.out.println("* long");
continue;
} else if (n == (int)n) {
System.out.println(n + " can be fitted in:");
System.out.println("* int");
System.out.println("* long");
continue;
} else {
System.out.println(n + " can be fitted in:");
System.out.println("* long");
continue;
}
} catch (NumberFormatException e)  {
System.out.println(line + " can't be fitted anywhere.");
continue;

}
}
}
}